Bill Day, Cagle Cartoons

Fracking the Central Coast

Monterey Shale a Prime Target

Tuesday, February 19, 2013
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Santa Barbara has fought hard to protect its coastline from offshore drilling. Ever since the 1969 oil spill, Santa Barbara has been at the forefront of the environmental movement. But the oil and gas extraction process known as fracking is posing a new threat to our county. Oil companies have been expanding fracking operations up and down the coastline from downtown Los Angeles to Monterey, and Santa Barbara’s position on top of the Monterey Shale – a rock formation considered the largest single shale-oil play in the country – makes it a prime target for future fracking operations.

Fracking involves injecting massive amounts of water, sand, and toxic chemicals into the ground to fracture rock to extract oil and gas. Fracking has been happening silently in California for years but now our state is poised to see a huge increase in much more intensive fracking operations that target the Monterey Shale.

Eric Anderson
Click to enlarge photo

Eric Anderson

California doesn’t track where fracking happens, and many of the chemicals used in fracking are considered a “trade secret,” preventing researchers from knowing just how toxic fracking fluids are. However, independent studies show that of the 632 chemicals identified in fracking fluids, more than 75 percent can affect the skin, respiratory, and gastrointestinal systems. About 40 to 50 percent can harm the brain and nervous system. And 25 percent can cause cancer. There has been extensive discussion about disclosure regulations in California, but based on what we already know, fracking fluid is extremely toxic and shouldn’t be pumped into the ground under any circumstance.

The cement casings that line oil and gas wells degrade over time. Initially, about one out of every 20 wells might fail, meaning that they can leak the toxic chemicals into local groundwater. Over time, many more are likely to fail to keep hydrocarbon gases and other contaminants from seeping up into aquifers. And even if the wells don’t leak, fracking wastewater is often disposed of in leaky surface pits or by pumping it back into the ground into disposal wells, which have their own set of problems.

It’s not just California’s already scarce water resources that are at stake. Numerous studies show that the fracking process itself results in significant emissions of greenhouse gases – in addition to emissions from burning the gasoline and diesel derived from oil extracted by fracking. Expanding fracking in California flies in the face of the state’s efforts, under AB 32, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Furthermore, fracking has the potential to significantly harm California’s vibrant agriculture industry. In Texas, some operators are using over 10 million gallons of water just to frack a single new well – such intense water use would only increase demand for California’s already limited supply of fresh water. There have been multiple instances across the country of contaminated water harming livestock and ruining agricultural land. A Kern County farmer received $8.5 million in damages after his entire almond orchard died from being watered with well water contaminated by a nearby oil and gas operation. Given this track record, it’s understandable that wineries in Santa Barbara are voicing their concern.

Santa Barbara has had a long and rocky history with the oil industry. Most famously, three million gallons of crude oil spilled into the channel in 1969, sparking an environmental movement that led to many of the environmental regulations we take for granted today. Now, oil companies have already begun buying up land and mineral rights along the Central Coast for future fracking operations.

Greka Oil & Gas Co., now known as HVI Cat Canyon Inc., was responsible for over 400 leaks and spills in Santa Barbara County between 1999 and 2008, spilling over 150,000 gallons of oil and violating over 1,700 county regulations in the course of several months. The push to intensify drilling and fracking in Monterey County would lead to many more accidents and spills. Santa Barbara County supervisors changed zoning code to require separate permits and public hearings for future fracking operations in our county, which provides an important layer of oversight on the industry, but action is needed at the state level.

Since Governor Brown has done little to address Californian’s concerns about fracking, we must turn to our legislators. Both State Senator Hannah-Beth Jackson and Assembly Member Das Williams are long-time supporters of environmental causes, and have led in the fight against offshore drilling. As they sit on their respective Natural Resources Committees, they need to take a stand and fight for a statewide moratorium on fracking.

Eric Anderson, a Santa Barbara native, is the California Outreach Coordinator at Food & Water Watch, a non-profit organization committed to ensuring the food, water, and fish we consume is safe, accessible, and sustainably produced.


Independent Discussion Guidelines

"Governor Brown has done little to address Californian’s concerns about fracking", I'm guessing he's receiving his 'Kick-back' check to look the other way...

dou4now (anonymous profile)
February 20, 2013 at 6:43 a.m. (Suggest removal)

I was just out in Cuyama where they are currently laying down sensors over approximately 23,000 acres by helicopter. Little orange wires going everywhere. They are mapping the subsurface, and we can only guess what may happen next. In a region that already has water issues, with farmers overdrafting water wells, and groundwater tables continuing to fall. Scary.

Riceman (anonymous profile)
February 21, 2013 at 9:34 a.m. (Suggest removal)

Hey Eric, could you write a piece on how our dependence on foreign oil hurts our economy and more importantly leads to military conflicts like the Iraq Wars, once you have written that piece write a follow up piece justifying how our current dependence on foreign oil is ok and get me a figure on how many Iraqi children are dead vs how much ground water wasn't contaminated by not using our own natural gas, yeah that'd be great. Not in our backyard, just someone less fortunate right?

cmetzenberg (anonymous profile)
February 21, 2013 at 10:12 a.m. (Suggest removal)

@cmetzenberg - I think this is a valid point, but at the same time, the vast majority of our oil in CA is from Alaska, not overseas. The rest of the US, not so much. But we have specific laws that mean our oil is from AK.

It's complex, but if you google it, you'll be able to find the stats which might illuminate a lot of what Anderson is talking about in terms of our state. Again, the rest of the nation not so much.

I don't subscribe to the idea that our coastline needs to be ruined either, but a tiny bit of oil education goes a long way; I know, I was one of the great masses of uninformed until just a few years ago.

Native1 (anonymous profile)
February 22, 2013 at 4:39 p.m. (Suggest removal)

Stay tuned for Gasland 2.

Riceman (anonymous profile)
February 22, 2013 at 7:43 p.m. (Suggest removal)

after working almost 5 years for super major oil company, involved with the transport of their oil I can assure you, Native1, that our oil does not all come from Alaska and I have no idea what laws you are talking about. Arab extra lite makes great gasoline...north slope crude, not nearly as well, nor does san joaquin.

cmetzenberg (anonymous profile)
February 23, 2013 at 1:19 p.m. (Suggest removal)

this is a 2006 document detailing california's crude usage and production, so it is woefully outdated. Trying to find a newer one but not having much luck. Though being form 2006, you can still see a drop off in use of domestic cali, and alaska crudes, both being replaced by foreign supply. This will also detail the differences between crudes for you. Lite and Sweet is very important.

cmetzenberg (anonymous profile)
February 23, 2013 at 1:36 p.m. (Suggest removal)

Looks like about 50/50 domestic vs. foreign suppliers;

- - Alaska the largest outside source of domestic (12% of total), California delivering about 38% of its own crude:

- - and Saudi Arabia the largest overseas supplier (~16% of total):

binky (anonymous profile)
February 23, 2013 at 1:52 p.m. (Suggest removal)

I don't know whether CA has NIMBYed itself into a position where it can claim to be a user of primary of domestic oil by making foreign oil illegal, thereby pursuing a "beggar thy neighbor" policy, but if so, it is shameful. CA is actually part of the USA, to the great chagrin of some of its residents, and should do its part to wean the US from foreign oil. Sensible drilling regs along with an extraction tax would both help the country and improve CA's finances.

JohnLocke (anonymous profile)
March 11, 2013 at 9:27 a.m. (Suggest removal)

>> on how our dependence on foreign oil hurts our economy

The fact is, we are less dependent than ever.
In the 1970's about 70% of oil came from OPEC, today it is a fraction of that.

Oil is bought and sold on a global market.
DEPENDENCE on global sources is a GOOD thing, since no one entity like OPEC or country dominates the supply.

Anti-Free markets harm the economy.

Embracing newer, cleaner and safer technologies such as fracking is a positive step in the right direction.

Who knows, perhaps S.B. could be known someday as "Fracking Capitol of the World". That would be fantastic news.

nobody123 (anonymous profile)
March 12, 2013 at 7:56 p.m. (Suggest removal)

Fracking done correctly is safer than a nuke plant on an earthquake fault.
I used to be 100% against fracking until I learned more about it from some scientist friends of mine. In some areas it's a huge mistake to frack, other areas you can frack with no negative impact.

Ken_Volok (anonymous profile)
March 12, 2013 at 8:18 p.m. (Suggest removal)

Good job Ken! Kudos for not just following the liberal agenda without researching the facts. Many don't bother.

Botany (anonymous profile)
March 12, 2013 at 8:48 p.m. (Suggest removal)

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