A firefighting helicopter makes water drops near Southern California Edison's transmission lines
Understanding Power Outages During the Thomas Fire
Why Santa Barbara Lost Power During the Thomas Fire
Thursday, December 14, 2017
Before clawing its way up the coast from Ventura, the Thomas Fire made its presence felt in Santa Barbara by chewing and spitting on the few power lines that connect the South Coast to the rest of the Southern California Edison energy grid.
Intermittent outages Saturday night and Sunday morning swept across all of Edison’s 85,000 or so Santa Barbara–area customers as the fire circled the utility’s Casitas substation — the last, single node between the sprawling Ventura/Los Angeles system and Santa Barbara’s island of electricity. North County is serviced by PG&E, which doesn’t reach farther south than Santa Ynez.
Edison issued a statement Saturday, explaining the state had declared a “transmission emergency” due to the “loss of critical infrastructure” and that outages were a result of energy reroutes and voltage changes. Spokesperson Mary Ann Milbourn couldn’t say if the two 220-kilovolt transmission lines that carry the bulk of Santa Barbara’s electricity up from Ventura, west through the backcountry, and down into Goleta substation, which then disperses it throughout the South Coast, had been compromised.
By Paul Wellman
Thomas Fire burning in the foothills as seen from State Route 192 (Dec. 10, 2017)
No additional outages were expected, Milbourn went on, but, she said, “We can’t promise that nothing will happen, because we really are at the mercy of Mother Nature. … In Santa Barbara, we just don’t have as many choices as we do in other parts of the territory, where there’s a larger grid and other ways to get around things.”
On Tuesday afternoon, Edison spokesperson David Song said it was still too soon to tell if the 220-kilovolt lines, or their multiple 66-kilovolt backup “tie” lines that hug closer to the coast, had been damaged. Even if towers weren’t directly hit by the flames, he said, soot accumulates on the lines and causes short circuits. Nevertheless, power was holding steady. “We always have a number of contingencies,” he explained. “For us, even losing options is a predicament.”
Robert Lewin, Santa Barbara’s chief of emergency operations, said Tuesday that he’d been informed the Thomas Fire had cut Edison’s 66-kilovolt lines and the utility was relying solely on its 220-kilovolt tethers. Edison was working hard to get helicopters in the air to inspect lines, he said. As of Wednesday morning, Edison had replaced 310 of 564 power poles damaged in Ventura; 18 “Critical Care” customers in Santa Barbara — those with electricity-dependent medical needs — received generators.
Edison spokespeople in general are hesitant to disclose information about the company’s infrastructure. Doing so could expose its Southern California market to outside competition and risk. They’re especially cautious during natural disasters, when hostile foreign governments are watching state and federal responses and assessing potential weak points of attack.
By Paul Wellman
A Southern California Edison helicopter surveys the Thomas Fire in Toro Canyon Tuesday. (Dec. 12, 2017)
The Department of Homeland Security is involved in these disclosure decisions, but federal representatives would not comment on the nature of the relationship. Edison was also hesitant about discussing details. “We’re not the authority for mitigating threats,” said Song. “All we can really say is we work with federal and state officials during these situations.”
Edison is in the midst of a “reliability” construction effort to shore up arterial and backup transmission lines between Santa Barbara and Ventura. In its petition to the California Public Utilities Commission, the company noted the route is located in terrain where landslides can be caused “by heavy rainfall (e.g. 1997-98 El Niño condition) and frequent fires.” The project’s estimated completion date is late 2018.
In the meantime, if power goes out, a battery-powered radio may be the best way to get up-to-date emergency information. Edison also asks that Santa Barbara customers conserve energy during the fire.
The following stations are part of the Radio Ready network, accessible with a battery-powered radio in the event of a power outage.