WEATHER »

Whats Good About Globalization?

This is a proposal for an antidote to the negative effects of globalization. We know that globalization as accomplished by the corporate oligarchy has increased the wealth of the global corporatists and capitalists but been detrimental to the lives of the poor. I think there are some opportunities in the globalization of information. I am working in the Philippines in food security and empowerment of the poor. My interest and activism is in integrated natural agricultural systems, so far primarily integrated rice duck farming for small farmers. http://www.searca.org/ajad/archives/v-02/01-02/ajad_v2_n1_n2_tanveer_etal.pdf
More than sixty percent of Filipinos are involved in small farming.

An integrated system is one in which the farmer integrates many varieties of life into the farm to increase yield. This was once the norm for farmers and still is in a few places like Switzerland and Austria. Sepp Holzer in Austria is a leader in the alpine version of integrated natural systems. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holzer_Permaculture The globalization of information has made it possible for the farmer to use plants and animals from the entire planet to increase the efficiency and yield of the farm. For instance there are many fine fodder trees that provide food for the livestock and the farmer and some derive nutrients directly from the atmosphere and improve the soil. http://www.smallstock.info/info/feed/tree-fodder.htm Among them are:

  1. Ipil Ipil or leucaena from Central America

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leucaena_leucocephala

  1. Moringa or malunggay from Africa, widely distributed now

http://moringamalunggay.com/

  1. Madre de Agua or trichanthera gigantea from South America

http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/Trichanthera_gigantea.htm

  1. Acacia, varieties found globally http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acacia

  2. Callandria, native of tropical Americas http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/agpc/doc/PUBLICAT/Gutt-shel/x5556e09.htm

  3. Gliricidia, native of tropical Americas http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gliricidia_sepium

In addition to the fodder/food trees that can be integrated there are many other plants and animals that can increase yield:

Ducks, when integrated as ducklings into newly transplanted rice will replace pesticides and fertilizers by eating snails, insects, larvae and weeds and converting them into fertilizer. Thus they free the farmer from the purchase of chemicals, free the land and air from the pollution and fatten up and provide the farmer with ducks at near harvest time (they are removed when the rice heads form at about three months) that are worth three to four times the cost of ducklings. By stimulating tillering and cultivating the bottom they also increase production of rice. They free the farmer from the work of applying chemicals and/or weeding.

Key to including ducklings as the natural solution to pests and weeds is having adequate food for them when they have eaten all the snails, insects and weeds. For this you can integrate:

Kankong, a water green that can be planted at the edge of the rice paddy and harvested both for human and duck food

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ipomoea_aquatica

Azolla, a water fern that includes blue green algae and the capacity to feed the ducks and supercharge the water with atmospheric nitrogen

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azolla

There are many other plants and animals that can be integrated into the natural farm systems. Fish are a natural for a rice paddy that is flooded most of the growing season. Takao Furuno, one of the pioneers of modern rice duck farming and author of "The Power of Duck", uses mud loach in his paddies in Japan. http://ricewisdom.org/growing-rice-cultivated-ecologicalpractices-duck.html Other varieties may prove superior depending upon your environments. I would like to experiment with tilapia and mosquito fish on the demonstration plots that I hope to install on SVD and Bohol eco farms. These would be small plots and a place where the farmers could see and obtain samples of the resources I have mentioned, a starter for azolla or cuttings of madre de agua for instance to cultivate on their land.

If you wish to support this effort, I will need money to purchase the ducklings and fencing to protect the ducklings. Ducklings must be purchased for every growing cycle as the adult ducks are too large for the newly planted rice and would damage or eat it. Ducklings cost about a dollar apiece at my last check. Forty ducklings is enough for an acre of rice.

You can donate to the demonstration farms planned in rural areas on Mindoro and subsequent Parish Priest Rice Duck Pilots! The governor of Bohol, one of the islands of the Philippines, has asked me to implement integrated rice duck plots in several locations in the rice lands of Bohol. In these cases I will expect the government to prepare the plots but I will buy the ducklings for small farmers that want to duplicate what they see on the government land. To donate to this secular effort of the Veterans For Peace Santa Barbara send donations to VFP Bucks4Ducks at PO Box 21852, Santa Barbara, CA 93121.

The demonstration plots will be complete installations of regenerative comprehensive integrated agriculture using fodder trees and nitrogen fixing plants to both bring more nutrients to the rice and more food to the ducks. The goal will be to provide the small farmer with all the resources to be successful in integrated rice duck in their specific area with their environment.

Thank you, Lane Anderson, Veritas Social Empowerment and Veterans For Peace

descriptive example:

Integrated Rice Duck Demonstration Plot Purpose: demonstrate how much food a hectare can produce for the small farmer. This would be one hectare of fully integrated rice duck with vegetables and fish. I will try to plant multiple varieties of long duration short stem non hybrid rice as a field trial for the local soil using only naturally occurring nitrogen (soil and atmospheric). It would need a clean water source and pond above the rice paddy for azolla cultivation and water level control. The rice paddy would be in a leveled and puddled area of one hectare surrounded by a ridge of earth anchored by a hedgerow of trichantera http://davao.da.gov.ph/webfiles/research/trichantera.pdf and moringa http://www.agripinoy.net/growing-malunggay-or-moringa.html trees. The hedgerow would be planted with vegetables to further anchor the soil and provide additional food. The trees would also hold a net fence in place when the ducklings are introduced. Below the rice paddy would be a pond that keeps the fish. The design would allow small fingerlings into the rice paddy but not into the azolla pond. The azolla would naturally migrate into both the rice paddy when flooded and into the pond. I have not decided on a fish yet but am told that there is a good one that is used in the integrated systems in Vietnam.

event calendar sponsored by: