Founded in 1959, Bishop García Diego High School was named after California’s first Roman Catholic bishop — the only bishop to ever call Santa Barbara home. Francisco García Diego y Moreno was born in Jalisco, Mexico, in 1785, a time when Mexico was part of the Spanish empire. At the age of 10, he entered the seminary at Guadalajara, and in 1802, he became a Franciscan. Six years later, he was ordained a priest and began a period of missionary work and teaching throughout Mexico.
In 1833, the Mexican government, now independent of Spanish rule, ordered the secularization of the California missions. This transferred management of the missions’ temporal affairs and administration of their agricultural lands to the government.
By 1840, lack of funding and loss of much of their Indian labor had placed the missions in a sorry state. By this time, the government was well into the process of disbursing the lands upon which the missions depended for sustenance.
García Diego began a campaign in 1835 to have a bishop appointed to oversee church affairs in California and to champion the missions’ cause. His efforts were rewarded in April 1840 when Pope Gregory XVI established a diocese for Alta and Baja California. The pope named García Diego as the first bishop.
The new bishop at first intended to make San Diego his headquarters, but the modest town so disappointed him that he decided to move to Santa Barbara — at that time a much grander pueblo, numbering some 900 souls. He arrived here to a tumultuous and joyous welcome in January 1842. Alfred Robinson witnessed the festivities: “All was bustle; men, women, and children hastening to the beach, banners flying, drums beating, and soldiers marching. The whole population of the place turned out to pay homage to the first Bishop of California.”
The new bishop had big ideas for his new home, planning to build a new church, seminary, parochial school, and more. The mutual good will did not last long. García Diego found his quarters at Santa Barbara Mission to be cramped and stuffy. One observer overheard the bishop lament, “I cannot breathe in this cage; it appears they have selected for me the worst rooms.” Lack of financial support from the government became a major difficulty, and the bishop’s attempt to ease this situation by establishing a tithing system did not go over well with the local populace nor the diocese at large.
Relations continued to deteriorate. The old Spanish families of Santa Barbara looked askance at the bishop’s Mexican origins. His habit of criticizing locals’ behavior and morals hardly endeared him to Santa Barbarans, who began staying away from services when the bishop was scheduled to speak.
The state of affairs was such that one day the bishop was out in his carriage when an escaped bull charged, badly goring the mule pulling the coach. The carriage overturned and not a soul moved to help the bishop. García Diego was said to have shed bitter tears over the incident.
Bishop García Diego passed away at the Old Mission in April 1846. Although buried with full honors, reportedly his funeral was not well attended. It was a sad ending to a reign that had begun with cheers and acclamations.
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Michael Redmon, director of research at the Santa Barbara Historical Museum, will answer your questions about Santa Barbara’s history. Write him c/o The Independent, 122 W. Figueroa St., Santa Barbara, CA 93101.