IN DENIAL, BIG TIME: “Denial is something we all engage in from time to time,” explained New Yorker science and technology staff writer Michael Specter in an email Q&A with The Indy. Specter is the author of Denialism: How Irrational Thinking Hinders Scientific Progress, Harms the Planet, and Threatens Our Lives. On Monday, November 16, UCSB Arts & Lectures will bring him to town to talk about the theories, observations, and recommendations filling his new book. Specter considers “denialism” to be “society’s version” of the everyday denial to which we’re all subject-a scaled-up, more threatening version of the simple refusal to face facts. But it’s “broader and deeper,” he observed, “than anything that can be explained by poor education (though that matters) or dogma alone.”
That’s a scary prospect. “We are on the edge of some very exciting, but very scary discoveries in science and technology,” Specter went on, “the ability to create new forms of life among them. That frightens people, and not without reason.” This overpowering fear of the unknown has spawned, to Specter’s mind, a plague of willful ignorance, causing people to “dive into what they feel comfortable with and ignore hard scientific data. That is a natural thing to do, but it causes us to question some basic goods (like universal vaccination and the triumph of scientifically developed food sources) because we see them as ‘other,’ or dangerous. It is also a reason people seek alternative therapies and vitamins no matter how often they are shown to be of little or no value.”
- When: Monday, November 16, 2009, 7:30 p.m.
- Where: UCSB Campbell Hall, 574 Mesa Rd., Santa Barbara, CA
- Cost: Free
- Age limit: Not available
“It is this retreat from reality that worries me,” Specter explained. Though he covers primarily scientific and technological issues as a journalist, Specter says denialism’s not contained within those sectors. “Denialists also seem to refuse to accept that Barack Obama is an American citizen, for example,” he wrote. “Anyone who refuses to accept compelling data and prefers to wallow in their own, often mystifying beliefs is a kind of denialist.”
Specter’s description of denialism-its ascendance, and the ill it has wrought-would seem to paint a grim picture of humanity’s future, but his book does not simply bemoan a rising tide of irrationality and un-empiricism; it also offers a number of strategies for how to counteract denialism by reviving the values of the Enlightenment and ushering in a new American age of reason. How realistic is it, though, to hold this hope? “Totally realistic,” Specter replied, providing examples of rationality’s victories even in this denialistic age: “We want to treat malaria, and an Enlightenment approach to creating synthetic medicine has made it possible. We want to cut carbon emissions-we can do much the same with new types of fuels. I refuse to accept that humans cannot march forward or that, in the end, they will refuse to. And of course all movements start with little steps. This one will be no different.”