Cold Springs-West Fork

Gateway to Tangerine Falls and a Water Tunnel Built in 1905

The West Fork Trail is a delightful afternoon hike as it is in the shade early.
Ray Ford

Distance-1 mile to Middle Fork intersection; 2 miles to Gibraltar Road.
Elevation Gain-450′ to Middle Fork intersection; 1175′ to Gibraltar Road.
Difficulty-Moderately strenuous
Topo-Santa Barbara

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Though not a long nor well-known trail, it leads up a very pretty canyon to Gibraltar Road. A side trip along the way leads to Tangerine Falls and the upper end of the Middle Fork canyon. For those of you familiar with the old switchbacks above the turnoff to Tangerine Falls, these were wiped out by floods in 2005. The trail has been recut down into the canyon and around the slide area. As a result it now passes by the historic water tunnel that was bored into the mountainside in 1905.

The trail is reached from Hot Springs Road in Montecito. From Santa Barbara, take the Hot Springs exit (you’ll need to be in the fast lane) and follow it about 0.75 miles until you reach the Highway 192 intersection. Turn left on Highway 192 and follow this for one mile to Cold Spring Road. Turn right and continue up past Westmont College to Mountain Drive. Turn right and go a half mile east to the trailhead. Park near the point where the creek crosses the road.

Over the past year and a half, the West Fork Trail has received a lot of attention. In winter 2005 the trail was devastated by several major storms that caused a number of massive slides. One above the turnoff to Tangerine Falls completely destroyed the trail. Thanks to efforts by MTF (Montecito Trails Foundation) immediately after the storms and over the last year by the Los Padres Forest Association trail crew, the trail has been completely rebuilt. Though there is still more work to be done to fine tune the trail, it is now much safer for all users.

Maps displays the Cold Springs trail network.

Unlike most of the trails, which run in a north-south direction, the West Fork follows an east-west course. The reason for this can be found in the geology of this particular area. Matilija Sandstone lies on the north side of the trail; Coldwater Sandstone is on the south side. Sandwiched in between is a layer known as Cozy Dell Shale. High along the crest the shale forms impressive saddles. As it dips across the ocean side of the Santa Ynez Mountains, it forms what are known as strike canyons, which flow at right angles to the main canyons. The West Fork Trail winds its way up the largest of these strike canyons.

To reach the West Fork trail, hike up the East Fork trail a quarter mile to a very pretty waterfall with a nearby bench. Cross the creek and look for the trail behind a series of large boulders. The trail climbs slowly, undulating up the left side of the narrow canyon. In the afternoon this section is shade covered, making the hike pleasant on hot summer days.

Most of the West Fork Trail is on north-facing slopes which keeps the hiking cooler.
Ray Ford

The path wanders through dense green canyon vegetation for three quarters of a mile before opening into the valley. Slightly to right of center is a magnificent 200-foot high waterfall. This is Tangerine Falls. The side trail leading up to it is not too far beyond the viewpoint.

Just past the turnoff for Tangerine Falls, the main West Fork trail climbs a bit then crosses to the right side of the canyon. There is often quite a bit of poison oak in this area so I carry a pair of clippers just in case I need to trim some of it back. A hundred yards above here the trail crosses the creekbed and begins a series of switchbacks which take you directly uphill for several hundred feet until you are no longer in the canyon but high up on the hillside.

Historic water tunnel was a main source of water for Santa Barbara in the early 1900s.
Ray Ford

Once you are at the end of the switchbacks, the trail climbs steeply for several hundred yards up through a very pretty tunnel of hillside chaparral and crosses two small wooden bridges which are very cute (you’ll know what I mean if you’ve seen them). At this point the trail opens out into the full sunlight and on a hot day it can be very tough hiking up to the road.

Just beyond the second bridge the trail turns north and climbs across a small knoll. The views back down the canyon are very pretty and in the “vee” formed by the lower hillsides you can see the Carpinteria Valley. Above, the views are equally nice. Near the top of the ridge you’ll notice a large rock formation. This is Cold Springs Dome, a popular rock climbing area.

A half mile of new trail was constructed around a major slide in the canyon by the LPFA Trail Crew.
Ray Ford

As you round the knoll the trail turns back to the left, levels a bit, and then continues straight up to Gibraltar Road. You’ll know you are nearing the end of the trail by the hundreds of small pieces of glass that begin to appear on the ground. The steep hillside near the hairpin turn has been used in past years for target practice. Thanks to the efforts of the Sierra Club and other trail users, the Forest Service has closed this and other areas to casual “plinking,” making it a much safer area for hiking.

If you would like to reach Rattlesnake Canyon you can do so by walking up the road for a mile to the connector trail leading down into Rattlesnake.


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