Rocks and Landscaping Still Winning over Santa Barbara County at Hot Springs Trail

Judge Rules County Must Wait for Trial Before Reclaiming Right of Way

The homeowner across the street from this lineup of hikers' vehicles parked on East Mountain Drive has put plantings in the road's right of way shoulder, an area the County of Santa Barbara would like to reclaim; But the issue will have to await trial, Judge Donna Geck ruled on Friday. | Credit: Courtesy County of Santa Barbara

Hikers hefting firewood, flicking lit matches, hauling up a 400-pound statue — even someone jumping an electric gate to open it and stash their car inside (this later turned out to be a gardener’s visiting friend). Stories abound on recent events at Montecito’s Hot Springs Trail. But none appeared in Judge Donna Geck’s 20-page ruling that decided Santa Barbara County must wait for a trial before reclaiming the public land in front of three properties near the trailhead. The case involves four petitioners and a quantity of landscaping, large rocks, and homemade “no parking” signs. The four sued the county and insist an environmental report must be done before the county can remove the obstacles and clear the right of way for parking.

In her tentative ruling, made final at the conclusion of Friday morning’s hearing, the judge explained the constraints that faced her: The question today was not about trail issues; it was whether the county had observed California’s environmental laws as it sought to remove impediments on the shoulder portion of East Mountain Drive. In considering an injunction to delay the removals from the public right of way, she had to balance the petitioners’ chance of winning their case at trial against the harm to them, or to the county, if the right of way were peremptorily restored. In the end, another win was chalked up for the rocks and landscaping against the county.

Much like the trail itself, which wanders uphill in one direction to the newly popular hot spring pools and in other directions to scenic views and a linkage of trails, the ruling roves over a number of the area’s issues — parking, hikers, sensitive habitat, “skyrocketing” trail usage. It explains that the specifics of those issues — and whether or not environmental review was needed — first required a fact-finding trial.

Among the facts the judge reacted to was what she described as an “allegedly” issued Notice of Exemption by the county, which would remove the project from CEQA’s environmental review obligations. Noting the petitioners’ surprise to learn it existed, the judge wrote, “County has requested this Court to take judicial notice of the Notice; there is no evidence before the Court to support its proper posting or publication.” Geck added that a project bearing the same number had been posted for a study to restore the right of way on September 14, 2021, and was titled as implementation of the actual work as of February 28, 2022. The homeowners received notice they had to remove their right-of-way encroachments on Feburary 7, 2022, the judge recounted. The Petition for Writ of Mandate against the county was filed in April.

Judge Geck noted that the four petitioners — Christopher Anderson, Ross Bagdasarian, Peter Barker, and James Moreley — don’t own the three properties from which the county would like to remove the impediments to parking, but they live near the trail. Two of the three properties were bought within the last half year, according to real estate records.

Supervisor Das Williams, who represents the Montecito area, said two of the property owners lived out of town. He was disappointed that the ruling had in effect rewarded them for breaking the law. “Putting rocks out where people can legally park contributes to chaos and the rampant unsafe parking that does take place,” he said. “While this is a temporary injunction pending the legal challenge, it will delay efforts to increase safety and decrease conflict at the Hot Springs Trailhead.”

Attorney Joe Cole, who was the original attorney for the petitioners and is a past publisher of the Independent, differed with Williams’s comments, stating that though two of the owners might live out of town — both waiting for renovations of their new homes to be completed — they hadn’t moved any rocks. Cole stated, as he had in his Declaration to the court, that the rocks and plantings had been there for years.

Williams thought all the trailhead neighbors were frustrated with the escalated use of the trail, and they were dealing with their frustration in different ways. Some of the homeowners had offered to fund a couple of rangers at the trailhead, he said. Their goal was to inform new hikers of the fire rules — no open campfires or smoking in the forest — and that the parking and county trails were off-limits once evening fell. In the two months the jobs have been available, so far they’ve received one application, he said.


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In her ruling, Judge Geck also found a level of uncertainty in the quantity of parking spaces at issue — 62 potential spaces on East Mountain, 50 spaces removed at Riven Rock, eight exist at the trailhead, a dozen are proposed through the right-of-way project. She stated the proposed parking would add more hikers to the trail and potentially impact a creek that was known to be environmentally sensitive habitat. But all of those were also matters to be determined at trial, she wrote.

As far as the balancing of harms, Lina Sumait of the County Counsel’s office tried to persuade Judge Geck that the larger picture was not parking, hikers, and the creek’s sensitive habitat. It was the fact that a road blocked or narrowed by parked cars meant emergency responders could not drive in, a growing concern as the summer months approached. Sumait said a CEQA review was likely to take a year, rather than a “few months.” Reclaiming the right of way was not a matter of existing parking that was going unused, but rather the illegal use by a private resident of a public street. Judges rarely deviate from their tentative rulings, and sensing defeat, Sumait indicated the county would file an appeal immediately.

Unless the county succeeds on appeal, the jumbled parking controversy that dogs the Hot Springs Trailhead will continue until the trial. Because it involves CEQA, the trial will be expedited over other civil matters and be in the hands of Judge Thomas Anderle, according to the court file, who hears all CEQA cases.

Corrections: This story was revised as of May 10 regarding the fence jumper and the owners of the noticed properties.


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